Degen Berglund has been serving the La Crosse community as an independent pharmacy in the Village Shopping Center for more than 50 years.
Degen Berglund is your source for:
· Prescription Drugs - Click on link below for EXPRESS REFILLS
o Helpful pharmacists to answer your questions and discuss your medications
o FREE home delivery
o Medicine-on-Time® packaging to take the confusion out of taking medicine
o Drive-thru service
· Flu, shingles, hepatitis B, tetanus, & pertussis vaccines
· Over-the-counter medications and vitamins
· Home medical equipment and supplies including lift chairs, oxygen, walkers, bath aids, bandages, compression stockings and more
· Health and wellness products
November is American Diabetes Month
What is diabetes?
· Two main types of diabetes:
o Type 1-Body does not produce insulin. Typically diagnosed in children and young adults.
o Type 2-Body does not produce enough insulin for proper function or the body does not react to insulin (insulin resistance). Accounts for 90% of all cases of diabetes.
· Insulin allows glucose (a sugar which comes from certain foods) to be brought into cells, which in turn can be used for energy
· When insulin is not around, sugar cannot be brought into cells, which causes high blood sugars
Impact of diabetes
· 26 million Americans have diabetes
· 2 million new cases are diagnosed each year
· Estimated that 1 in 3 American adults will have diabetes in 2050
· Annual cost of diabetes in the US is $245 billion
o 1 in 10 health care dollars is spent treating diabetes
· Risk of stroke and death from heart disease is 2 to 4 times higher in people with diabetes
· Leading cause of kidney failure
· Leading cause of blindness among adults aged 20-74 years
· Neuropathy: Damage to nerves which can lead to pain, burning, tingling and numbness in feet and hands
· Amputation rate is 10 times higher in people with diabetes
· Keep blood sugars at goal. Measure blood sugars regularly at home and get A1c checked at least twice a year. A1c measures the average blood sugars over the last three months.
o Blood sugar goals
§ Before a meal: 70-130 mg/dL
§ Two hours after a meal: Less than 180 mg/dL
§ Bedtime: 100-140 mg/dL
§ A1c: Less than 7% for most people with diabetes
· Get blood pressure checked at every visit. High blood pressure raises risk for heart attack, stroke, eye and kidney problems. Blood pressure goal for people with diabetes is less than 140/80.
o How to lower blood pressure:
§ Take blood pressure medications as prescribed
§ Cut back on salt
§ Lose weight
§ Quit smoking
§ No more than 2 alcoholic drinks for men and no more than 1 for women per day
· Check your cholesterol.
o LDL (bad) cholesterol can narrow and block blood vessels. Goal LDL is less than 100.
o HDL (good) cholesterol helps remove cholesterol from blood vessels. Goal HDL for men is greater than 40 and for women it is greater than 50.
o How to lower cholesterol
§ Take cholesterol-lowering medications as prescribed
§ Eat less saturated and trans fat. If ingredients on the nutrition label includes the word hydrogenated, this means the food contains trans fat, even if the label says it contains none.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
· Defined as blood sugars below 70 mg/dL
· Can be caused by alcoholic beverages, increased physical activity and meals/snacks that are too small, delayed, or skipped in people taking insulin or medications that increase insulin production.
· Signs of low blood sugar:
· Treat with 15 grams of carbohydrates if blood sugars are below 70 mg/dL with ONLY one of the following:
o 3-4 glucose tablets
o 1 serving of glucose gel
o 4-6 ounces of orange juice
o 4 ounces of regular NOT diet soda
o 15 skittles
o 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
o 15 skittles
· Recheck blood sugars 15 minutes after treatment, if blood sugars are still less than 70 mg/dL-repeat treatment
Please ask your Degen Berglund pharmacist if you have any questions about diabetes!